Building Climate Resilience

The California Natural Resources Agency leads and coordinates the administration's climate adaptation policy and its natural resources climate policy.  Please click on the links or boxes below to find more about initiatives the agency is taking to reduce the future effects of climate change and make the state resilient to current and ongoing impacts of climate change.

Climate Initiatives

Safeguarding California and Climate Change Adaptation Policy

California is leading the way on greenhouse gas emissions reductions to avoid the worst consequences of climate change, but no matter how quickly we reduce our polluting emissions, climate impacts will still occur. Many impacts – increased fires, floods, severe storms and heat waves – are occurring already and will only become more frequent and more dangerous. However, there are many things we can do to protect against climate impacts. Taking steps now to adapt to climate change will protect public health and safety, our economy and our future. The Safeguarding California Plan: 2018 Update is the State’s roadmap for everything state agencies are doing and will do to protect communities, infrastructure, services, and the natural environment from climate change impacts.  This holistic strategy primarily covers state agencies’ programmatic and policy responses across different policy areas, but it also discusses the ongoing related work to with coordinated local and regional adaptation action and developments in climate impact science. Find out more about the State’s integrated climate change adaptation strategy by exploring the following pages:

Safeguarding California Plan: 2018 Update

The Safeguarding California Plan: 2018 Update – California’s Climate Adaptation Strategy builds on nearly a decade of adaptation strategies to communicate current and needed actions state government should take to build climate change resiliency.  It identifies hundreds of ongoing actions and next steps state agencies are taking to safeguard Californians from climate impacts within a framework of 81 policy principles and recommendations. With over 300 revisions made to reflect hundreds of comments received during the public comment period, the 2018 update also has two new chapters and incorporates a feature showcasing the many linkages among policy areas. A new “Climate Justice” chapter highlights how equity is woven throughout the entire plan.

Safeguarding California In Action

California state government is taking action to safeguard people, infrastructure, and the natural environment from the impacts of climate change.  The report Safeguarding California In Action: Climate Change Adaptation Examples from State Agencies details 33 examples of projects and programs that show how state agencies are investing and taking action to increase resilience to climate change around California. Individual profiles from the compilation can be found below, as well. The Natural Resources Agency is proud to host and highlight these important projects showing how state agencies are making a difference on the ground.  To find more case studies of climate change adaptation in California, please visit the Adaptation Clearinghouse, which serves as a centralized source of climate adaptation resources in California.

Example Profiles of Safeguarding California In Action:


Public Engagement on Safeguarding California

Over 300 individuals provided comments on the May draft version of Safeguarding California through 10 public workshops and 5 tribal workshops across the state. 36 letters representing individuals, groups, and advocacy coalitions provided hundreds of additional notes. These letters led to over 300 edits to the May Draft incorporated into the final Plan. We are sharing these informal responses as part of our ongoing effort to make Safeguarding California transparent and accountable. Many responses allude to the necessity of ongoing conversation and further needed changes, and should not be interpreted as the final or official position of state agencies. Responses to Public Comment A summary of public comments, agency responses, and resulting edits listed by chapter can be found here. We express our deep gratitude to all the Californians whose thoughtful comments, feedback, and expertise helped improve this plan. Public comment letters
Agricultural Council of California East Bay Regional Park District San Diego County Water Authority
Alliance of Regional Collaboratives for Climate (ARCCA) Greenlining Institute San Diego Unified Port District
Asian Pacific Environmental Network (APEN) Gregory Nelson Santa Ana Watershed Project Authority
Bay Area Stormwater Management Agencies Association (BASMAA) Heal the Ocean Sid Abma
CADMUS Group Human Impact Partners Sierra Business Council
California Association of Sanitation Agencies (CASA) Joint Environmental NGO Letter: Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas)
California Forestry Association LCJA, CRPE, CAA, CVAQ State Coastal Conservancy
California Pan-Ethnic Health Network (CPEHN) Nature Conservancy Thomas J. Phillips
Center for Biological Diversity Ocean Conservancy Union of Concerned Scientists
City and County of San Francisco Pacific Forest Trust William Stewart (1)
Delta Stewardship Council Roy Thun William Stewart (2)

Past Adaptation Strategy Documents

2009 California Adaptation Strategy
2010 California Climate Adaptation Strategy First Year Report

2014 Safeguarding California: Reducing Climate Risk
Fact Sheets on California Climate Risks

2016 Safeguarding California: Implementation Action Plans

Find the full 2016 Safeguarding Implementation Action Plans, including an Executive Summary, here. Each of the ten sector plans in the report can be found individually below.


Click here to Sign-up for the CNRA Climate ListServ.

Paying It Forward: The Path Toward Climate-Safe Infrastructure In California

Working Group Appointees

Dr. Amir Aghakouchak, P.E., University of California, Irvine

Amir AghaKouchak is an Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Irvine. His research focuses on climate extreme and crosses the boundaries between hydrology, climatology, remote sensing. Amir is the principal investigator of several research grants funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Science Foundation (NSF), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USBR). Website:


Bruce Swanger, P.E., California Department of Transportation

Bruce Swanger has 26 years of experience with the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) and is a licensed civil engineer in California, Nevada, and Arizona. His career focus has been predominantly in the hydrologic and hydraulic field associated with transportation infrastructure and the riverine and coastal environments. Mr. Swanger is currently the Caltrans State Hydraulics Engineer and is responsible for managing and developing the Caltrans statewide hydraulics and storm water design guidance, procedures, and standards for inclusion in the Caltrans Highway Design Manual and Project Planning and Design Guide. He has been involved with steady, unsteady, and two-dimensional hydraulic modeling of large culverts and bridges, preparing on-site and offsite hydrologic studies, designing rock and vegetated stream bank revetments, performing stream and habitat remediation design and analysis associated with fish and aquatic organism passage, analyzing sediment transport, assessing stream stability, performing scour and floodplain analysis, determining influences from tidal events coinciding with storm events on beachfront culverts and bridges, and performing wave-run-up studies.


Chester Widom, FAIA, California Department of General Services: Division of State Architect

Chester A. Widom, FAIA was the founding partner of WWCOT, a 185 person (at the time of his retirement from the firm) architectural, interior design, planning and forensics firm with four offices in California and an office in Shanghai, China. After leaving WWCOT, he served as the Senior Architectural Advisor for the Los Angeles Community College District’s $6.1 Billion construction program. In December of 2011, Governor Brown appointed him California State Architect. As a former President of both the National American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the California Council AIA, Chet is recognized as an international leader in the profession. He has been awarded Honorary Fellowship by the Japan Institute of Architects, The Federacion Colegios de Arquitectos de la Republica de Mexicana and by the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada and, served as the 2011 Chancellor of the College of Fellows for the American Institute of Architects. He is the 2011 recipient of the AIA’s Edward C. Kemper Award for service to the profession. Chet was the 16th recipient of the Distinguished Alumni Award by the School of Architecture at USC where he has taught and currently sits on the school's Board of Councilors. He has been a frequent guest lecturer at numerous universities including Harvard, Yale and UCLA. In addition to his leadership of both the National and California AIA, he previously served on the Building and Safety Commission, the City Planning Commission and the Elected Charter Reform Commission for the City of Los Angeles, and as a member of the Hospital Building and Safety Board for the State of California (OSHPD). In 2010 and 2011 he served as member of the Bond Oversight Committee for the Los Angeles Unified School District.


Dr. Cris Liban, P.E., ENV SP, Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority; City of Los Angeles; National Council for Environmental Policy and Technology, USEPA

Dr. Cris B. Liban is an internationally recognized expert in the field of resource management, energy technologies, transportation, environmental protection, and sustainability. Dr. Liban’s work has been making a tremendous impact around the world as his visionary framework and processes of environmental stewardship is continually used as a model of many similar programs. His award-winning and ISO 14001:2015 certified environmental and sustainability program has become the US national template in the transportation industry. In this program of empowerment, he has directly inspired thousands of Angelenos (and many in the transit industry around the world) to become environmental and sustainability leaders not only in their place of work, but most importantly in their families, communities and beyond.

He is currently the Executive Officer for Environment and Sustainability at the LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. LA Metro is the 3rd largest transportation agency in the United States in the 20th largest economy in the world. He was appointed by President Barack Obama’s US Environmental Protection Agency Administrator as a Council Member of the USEPA National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology where he and his colleagues provide policy guidance and future direction of the USEPA. Dr. Liban also holds concurrent Commissioner political appointments in the Los Angeles County Beach Commission and the City of Los Angeles Board of Transportation Commissioners. In those capacities, he contributes to the development and implementation of safe, resilient, equitable and environmentally protective policies throughout Southern California.

In December 2016, he received from President Rodrigo Duterte the Philippines’ Highest Prize for Individual Filipinos living overseas, the Pamana ng Pilipino Award. This award exemplifies the reach of Dr. Liban’s global influence through the introduction of technology advancements, creative financing, and leveraging non-traditional partnerships to effect social change, especially in the communities he serves. He was recently elected to the ASCE Grade of Fellow for his unconditional passion to make a difference in all levels of society through the practical, value creating, and cost-effective implementation of environmental science and engineering and sustainable development principles.

Dr. Liban is an accomplished writer, international speaker, and social entrepreneur who has dramatically changed the lives of many individuals, communities, agencies, private entities, and jurisdictions. He lives in Los Angeles, CA with his wife Benel and son JP.


Dr. Dan Cayan, University of California, San Diego: Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Dr. Dan Cayan is a climate researcher at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego. Cayan’s work is aimed at understanding climate variability and changes over the Pacific Ocean and North America and how they affect the water cycle and related sectors over western North America. He has specific interests in regional climate in California and has played a leading role in a series of California climate vulnerability and adaptation assessments. He is also involved with programs to deliver improved climate information to decision makers: The California Nevada Applications Program (CNAP), sponsored by the NOAA RISA Program and the Southwest Climate Science Center, sponsored by the US Geological Survey, Department of Interior.


Dr. David Groves, RAND Water and Climate Resilience; Pardee Rand Graduate School

David Groves is codirector of the RAND Water and Climate Resilience Center, a senior policy researcher at the RAND Corporation, and a professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. He is a key developer of new methods for decision-making under deep uncertainty, and works directly with natural resources managers worldwide to improve planning for the uncertain future. His primary practice areas include water resources management and coastal resilience planning, with an emphasis on climate adaptation and resilience.

Groves has worked with major water agencies throughout the United States, including the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, California Department of Water Resources, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, and Denver Water, helping them to address climate variability and change in their planning. He also works internationally, most recently in China, Peru, and Mexico. Groves also works on coastal sustainability issues, most notably in the Bay Delta, South Florida, and Coastal Louisiana. In particular, he led a RAND team that developed the planning framework and decision support tool used to formulate Louisiana’s 50-year, $50 billion Coastal Master Plan.

In 2007, he received RAND's Silver Medal Award for his work with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineering, helping to improve the treatment of risk and uncertainty in their long-term planning studies. In 2009, he received RAND's Gold Medal Award for his work on water resources planning. In 2012, he received RAND's President's Choice Award for his work helping develop Louisiana's Coastal Master Plan. Groves received degrees in Geological and Environmental Sciences (B.S.) and Earth Systems (M.S.) from Stanford University, an M.S. in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Washington, and a Ph.D. in policy analysis from the Pardee RAND Graduate School.


Dr. Deb Niemeier, P.E, NAE, University of California, Davis

For two decades, Deb Niemeier, Professor in the Dept. of Civil and Engineering and Professor in the School of Education at UC Davis, has focused on integrating models for estimating mobile source emissions with transportation modeling. Her primary research interest has been on developing highly accurate, accessible processes and emissions modeling and travel behavior models that can be used in the public sector, including the identification and modeling of environmental health disparities and improved understanding of formal and informal governance processes in urban planning. She is currently working with collaborators in sociology and political science broadly examining the intersection of governance processes in regional planning and climate change outcomes, and better connecting urban planning processes with mitigation of environmental disparities. She is a member of the graduate faculty in Computer Science; Transportation, Technology, and Policy; Education, and Geography. She currently sits on the Executive Committee of the Graduate Geography Group. In 2014, she was named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for “distinguished contributions to energy and environmental science study and policy development.” In 2015, she was named a Guggenheim Fellow for foundational work on pro bono service in engineering. In 2017, she was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.


James Deane AIA, CDT, LEED AP, PMP, California High Speed Rail Authority; Parsons Brinckerhoff

James brings more than 28 years of experience in project, program, and enterprise management and has successfully led teams in the definition, design, documentation, and delivery of their vision across an expansive range of planning, infrastructure, and facility types. He has worked on several internationally significant programs and projects such as London 2012, Masdar, and Astana Expo 2017. As the Senior Supervising Architect of the Rail Operations Group, Development and Design Section for the California High-Speed Rail Authority, James is responsible for developing the program-wide station design delivery mechanisms, and is keenly focused the integration of the States and the Authority’s sustainability and resilience goals and objectives.


John Andrew, P.E., California Department of Water Resources

John T. Andrew is Assistant Deputy Director of the California Department of Water Resources, where since 2006 he has overseen the Department’s climate change activities. His previous organizational affiliations include the Stege Sanitary District, the CALFED Bay-Delta Program, the California Department of Health Services, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and the US Environmental Protection Agency. Andrew has over 25 years of experience in water resources and environmental engineering, and holds degrees in Civil Engineering and Public Policy from the University of California at Berkeley.


Dr. Kristin Heinemeier, P.E., University of California, Davis: Energy Efficiency Center

Dr. Kristin Heinemeier is Principal Engineer with the University of California Davis’ Energy Efficiency Center. For over 30 years, in different capacities, she has focused on the gaps between the way things are supposed to work and how they really work, and ways to realize efficiency in the real world. Her work seeks to improve programs, codes and standards, technologies and industry best practices by focusing on substantial transformation of the way that heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system installation, maintenance, and service are delivered. Kristin was one of the founders of the Western HVAC Performance Alliance. Her other key partners include the California Community Colleges, California Energy Commission, California Public Utilities Commission, and utility Emerging Technology programs. Kristin was awarded the ASHRAE Fellow award, in recognition of many years of service to the industry. Prior to her appointment at UC Davis, she worked for Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Honeywell International, Texas A&M University, and PECI. She received her Ph.D. in building science from the University of California, Berkeley and is a licensed mechanical engineer.


Dr. Kyle Meng, University of California, Santa Barbara: Bren School of Environmental Science and Management

Kyle Meng is an Assistant Professor at the Bren School and the Department of Economics at the University of California, Santa Barbara and a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He studies environmental, energy, and natural resource economics with a focus on climate change impacts and policies. His research appears in leading economics and science journals, including the American Economic Review, Nature, and PNAS. He received his Ph.D. in Sustainable Development from Columbia University and his bachelor’s in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Princeton University.


Martha Brook, P.E., California Energy Commission

Martha has been at the California Energy Commission (CEC) for over two decades; there she has become a highly respected expert in long term energy demand forecasting, building energy efficiency standards, and research and development of energy efficient technologies for residential and commercial buildings. Martha is currently the technical advisor to Commissioner Andrew McAllister, where she provides support on all areas of building and appliance energy efficiency, as well as energy data collection, organization, analysis and publication.

Martha has a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Resources Engineering from California State University, Humboldt and is a California Professional Mechanical Engineer.


Nancy Ander, P.E., California Department of General Services

Nancy Ander is the Deputy Director of the Office of Sustainability at the Department of General Services (DGS). She is responsible for greening state facilities. Her responsibilities include the development of sustainability policies and implementation of energy efficiency improvements, solar and wind installations, electric vehicle infrastructure development, recycling and other areas within state facilities. Nancy’s team strives to ensure that state buildings are leading by example in advancing California’s clean energy and sustainability goals.

Prior to this role, Nancy was a Principal Manager at Southern California Edison (SCE), one of the state’s four major investor-owned utilities. At SCE, Nancy led the overall strategy for SCE’s energy efficiency and demand response programs in alignment with regulatory requirements and in consideration of grid implications. Additionally, Nancy oversaw the development of climate action plans at local governments and large institutions.

Before coming to SCE, Nancy supported public policy at the California Energy Commission (CEC). At the CEC she developed energy codes and managed research to develop innovative technologies in Renewables and Energy Efficiency. Most notably, Nancy developed and managed the first Public Interest Research program for energy efficiency at the CEC and helped to lead the program to national prominence.

Nancy has a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering and is a registered CA engineer.


Dr. Noah Diffenbaugh, Stanford University: Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment

Dr. Noah Diffenbaugh is a Professor in the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences and Kimmelman Family Senior Fellow in the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. He studies the climate system, including the processes by which climate change could impact extreme weather, water resources, agriculture, and human health. Dr. Diffenbaugh is currently Editor-in-Chief of the peer-review journal Geophysical Research Letters. He has served as a Lead Author for Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and has provided testimony and scientific expertise to the White House, the Governors of California and Indiana, and U.S. Congressional offices. Dr. Diffenbaugh is a recipient of the James R. Holton Award from the American Geophysical Union, a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation, and a Terman Fellowship from Stanford University. He has also been recognized as a Kavli Fellow by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and as a Google Science Communication Fellow.

Alternate Working Group Members

Gurdeep Bhattal, P.E., California Department of Transportation

Gurdeep Bhattal is currently working as a Senior Transportation Engineer in the Hydraulics and Stormwater Branch within the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Headquarters Division of Design. As both a registered Civil and Mechanical Engineer, Gurdeep provides support to Caltrans Districts Statewide by developing guidance, policies, procedures, and standards for hydraulic designs for roadways and associated facilities. During 19 years with Caltrans, he designed drainage facilities, addressed failures of drainage facilities, and provided drainage designs for highway projects. During 10-years as a Project Engineer with a sugar manufacturing company, he developed designs for fluid flows involving pumping/piping/heat exchanger systems, developed pump curves, completed mass balances of fluid flows, stream flows and related power generation at a 4.5 MW power plant.


Robert Lempert, RAND Corporation: Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Rare Global Policy and the Future Human Condition

Robert Lempert is a principal researcher at the RAND Corporation and Director of the Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition. His research focuses on risk management and decision-making under conditions of deep uncertainty. Dr. Lempert’s work aims to advance the state of art for organizations managing risk in today’s conditions of face-paced, transformative, and surprising change and helping organizations adopt these approaches to help make proper stewardship of the future more commonly practiced. Dr. Lempert is co-PI of the NSF-funded Sustainable Climate Risk Management (SCRIM) research network and co-PI of a MacArthur-foundation funded project conducting urban climate risk management in several U.S. cities. Dr. Lempert is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a chapter lead for the Fourth US National Climate Assessments and a lead author for Working Group II of the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Dr. Lempert was the Inaugural EADS Distinguished Visitor in Energy and Environment at the American Academy in Berlin and the inaugural president of the Society for Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty ( A Professor of Policy Analysis in the Pardee RAND Graduate School, Dr. Lempert is an author of the book Shaping the Next One Hundred Years: New Methods for Quantitative, Longer-Term Policy Analysis.

Working Group Facilitators

Dr. Susanne C. Moser, Susanne Moser, Research and Consulting

Dr. Susanne C. Moser, is an internationally renowned climate change adaptation expert and well known to the State of California for ongoing work with various state agencies since 1999. Since establishing an independent research and consulting firm in Santa Cruz in 2008, she has assisted the Energy Commission with synthesizing the Third Climate Change Assessment, CNRA with the drafting of the first Safeguarding California adaptation plan, the Ocean Protection Council with leading the public engagement effort informing the Update of the State’s Sea-Level Rise Policy Guidance. In addition, she initiated in 2006 and has been a co-lead with Dr. Hart in the (now) longitudinal California Coastal Adaptation Needs Assessment and has contributed her own research to the state’s Third and Fourth Climate Assessments. As part of the latter, she and Dr. Hart are conducting innovative research on the teleconnected and cascading impacts of climate change on interconnected infrastructure lifelines in the Greater LA region. Almost all of her work is trans-disciplinary, i.e., integrating multiple disciplines and the perspectives of decision-makers, to ensure the highest possible degree of practical use of integrative and robust knowledge. Creative facilitation of multi-stakeholder workshops is one of her signature strengths.


Dr. Juliette Finzi Hart, U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center

Dr. Juliette Finzi Hart is an Oceanographer with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center in Santa Cruz. She is the Director of Outreach for the Coastal Climate Impacts team. Dr. Hart is a contributing author to the Coastal Effects chapter for the 4th National Climate Assessment (currently underway). At the CA state level, she has recently been appointed as a member of the Ocean Protection Council Science Advisory Team working group as co-author for the CA 4th Climate Assessment Oceans and Coasts report and, as noted above, is working with Dr. Moser on two projects that are part of the CA 4th Climate Assessment, as well as being the co-lead with her on the California Coastal Adaptation Needs Assessment. Dr. Hart specializes in translating complex scientific information to a wide array of audiences (from interested citizens to high level decision-makers). Her daily tasks entail working directly with policy- and decision-makers throughout the state to both understand and subsequently utilize the best scientific information in their decision-making. Prior to joining USGS in July 2016, Dr. Hart was the Marine & Climate Science Specialist at the University of Southern California Sea Grant for 10 years, following completion of her Ph.D. in Ocean Sciences from USC in 2006, along with a graduate certificate in Environmental Sciences, Policy, and Engineering; Sustainable Cities in 2004.

Brief description of Bill

AB 2800, Quirk. Climate change: infrastructure planning.

Existing law requires the Natural Resources Agency, by July 1, 2017, and every 3 years thereafter, to update the state’s climate adaptation strategy to identify vulnerabilities to climate change by sectors and priority actions needed to reduce the risks in those sectors.

This bill, until July 1, 2020, would require state agencies to take into account the current and future impacts of climate change when planning, designing, building, operating, maintaining, and investing in state infrastructure. The bill, by July 1, 2017, and until July 1, 2020, would require the agency to establish a Climate-Safe Infrastructure Working Group for the purpose of examining how to integrate scientific data concerning projected climate change impacts into state infrastructure engineering, as prescribed. The bill would require the working group to consist of registered professional engineers with specified relevant expertise from the Department of Transportation, the Department of Water Resources, the Department of General Services, and other relevant state agencies; scientists with specified expertise from the University of California, the California State University, and other institutions; and licensed architects with specified relevant experience. The bill would require the working group, by July 1, 2018, to make specified recommendations to the Legislature and the Strategic Growth Council.

Link to text of Bill

January 18th - Meeting - Sacramento
Stanley Mosk Library and Courts Building, Room 500, 914 Capitol Mall Sacramento, CA 95814

AgendaMeeting MaterialsMeeting Summary

February 12 - Meeting - Los Angeles
City Hall, Room 1050, 200 N Spring St, Los Angeles, CA 90012

AgendaMeeting MaterialsMeeting Summary

March 13 - Meeting - Bay Area
Bay Area Metro Center, Oholone Room, 375 Beale Street, San Francisco, CA 94105

AgendaMeeting MaterialsPublic Transportation InformationMeeting Summary

April 11 - Meeting - Sacramento
UC Davis, Institute of Transportation Studies, 1605 Tilia Street, Suite 100 Davis, California 95616

AgendaMeeting MaterialsTransportation and Parking InformationMeeting Summary

May 9 - Meeting - San Diego
Port of San Diego, Training Room, 3165 Pacific Highway, San Diego, CA 92101

AgendaMeeting MaterialsPost-Meeting Materials

June 20 - Meeting - Sacramento
UC Davis, Institute of Transportation Studies, 1605 Tilia Street, Suite 100 Davis, California 95616

AgendaMeeting Materials • Post-Meeting Materials • Transportation and Parking Information

January 25 - Webinar: Setting the Standards and Context - Federal to Local Roles


Mike Sanio
American Society of Civil Engineers

Kathryn Wright
Meister Consultants/Cadmus Group

Peter Adams
NYC's Mayor's Office of Recovery and Resiliency

AgendaPowerpoint PresentationMeeting RecordingWebinar Questions and Presenter Responses

February 22 - Webinar: Possibilities and Limits - Forward-Looking Climate Science for Use in Infrastructure Engineering


Dan Cayan, Ph.D.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, CSIWG Member

Patrick Barnard, Ph.D.
USGS Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center

Nicolas Luco, Ph.D.
USGS Geologic Hazards Team

Morgan Page, Ph.D. USGS Earthquake Science Center

AgendaMeeting RecordingWebinar PresentationWebinar Questions and Presenter Responses

March 21 - Webinar: Mobilizing the Future - Infrastructure Challenges and Opportunities in the Transportation Sector


Gurdeep Bhattal
California Department of Transportation, CSIWG Member

James Deane
High-Speed Rail Authority, CSIWG Member

Chris Liban
LA Metro, CSIWG Member

AgendaMeeting RecordingWebinar Presentation

March 22 - Webinar: Rushing Toward the Future - Infrastructure Challenges and Opportunities in the WATER Sector


Amir AghaKouchak
University of California, Irvine, CSIWG Member

Kate White
US Army Corps of Engineers

Andrew Schwarz
Department of Water Resources

AgendaPowerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording

April 6 - Webinar: Green Infrastructure - Design and Integration with Existing Infrastructure


Maya Hayden
Point Blue

Jeff Odefey
American Rivers

Tina Hodges
US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording

April 10 - Webinar: Governing Infrastructure - How Regulations, Standards, Codes and Guidelines are Set and Changed


Alfredo Gomez
Government Accountability Office

Stephen Cauffman
National Institute of Standards & Technology

Ira Feldman
International Standards Organization

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording

April 18 - Webinar: Energizing the Future - Infrastructure Challenges and Opportunities in the Energy and Building Sector


Nancy Ander
CA Department of General Services, CSIWG Member

Guido Franco
California Energy Commission, CSIWG Project Team

Kristin Heinemeier
CSIWG Member

Tom Wells
CA Department of General Services

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording

May 15 - Webinar: Building the Future - Infrastructure Challenges and Opportunities in the Building Sector


Chester Widom
California State Architect

Jennifer Goldsmith-Grinspoon
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Leslie Chapman-Henderson
Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH)

Powerpoint Presentation • Meeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

May 17 - Webinar: Infrastructure Financing - Innovative Instruments, Approaches and Partnerships


Andreas Georgoulias
Harvard University Zofnass Program for Sustainable Infrastructure

Shalini Vajjhala
re:focus Partners

David Dodd
International Resilience Center

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

May 29 - Webinar: Infrastructure Financing II


John Cleveland
Innovation Network for Communities and Boston Green Ribbon Commission

Vladimir Antikarov
The Verea Group

Karl Schultz
The Higher Ground Foundation

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting RecordingWebinar Questions and Presenter Responses

May 30 - Webinar: Building a Climate-Safe Future for All: Social Equity and Inclusion in Infrastructure Planning


Chione Flegal

Katie Grace Deane
Center for Community Investment

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

June 6 - Webinar: Enabling scientists and engineers to work together effectively


Richard Moss, Ph.D.
Columbia University’s Earth Institute

Susi Moser, Ph.D.
Susanne Moser Research & Consulting<

Alex Wilson
BuildingGreen, Inc./Resilient Design Institute

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

June 8 - Webinar: Tools Supporting Climate-Safe Infrastructure Design


David Groves, Ph.D.
RAND Corporation

Wes Sullens
US Green Building Council

Kristin Baja
Urban Sustainability Directors Network

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

June 11 – Webinar: Monitoring Infrastructure Performance


Jennifer Jurado, Ph.D.
Broward County

Peter Murdoch
US Geological Survey

Andreas Geogoulias, Ph.D.
Harvard University Zofnass Program for Sustainable Infrastructure

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

June 28 – Webinar: Financing Climate-Safe Infrastructure III


Joyce Coffee
Climate Resilience Consulting

Brad Benson
Port of San Francisco

Caitlin MacLean
Milken Institute

Powerpoint PresentationMeeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

July 12 – Webinar: Financing Climate-Safe Infrastructure III


Cara Pike
Climate Access

Ed Maibach, Ph.D.
George Mason University

Collin Wellenkamp, J.D.
Mississippi River Cities and Towns Initiative

Webinar Link • Powerpoint Presentation • Meeting Recording • Webinar Questions and Presenter Responses

September 5 – Webinar: Paying It Forward: A Path Toward Climate-Safe Infrastructure for All


Secretary John Laird
Natural Resources Agency

Jamesine Rogers Gibson
Senior Analyst, Union of Concerned Scientists

Ted Toppin (TBC)
Professional Engineers in California Government

Susanne C. Moser, Ph.D. (Susanne Moser Research & Consulting)
Juliette Finzi Hart, Ph.D. (USGS)
Co-Facilitators of the Climate-Safe Infrastructure Working Group

Members of the Climate-Safe Infrastructure Working Group

Webinar LinkPresentation Materials

For immediate inquiries:

Susi Moser at:
Juliette Finzi Hart at:

Agency contact: or

Climate Change Mitigation on Natural and Working Lands

Quick Links


California’s natural and working lands include rangelands, forests, woodlands, wetlands, grasslands, shrubland, farmland, riparian areas, and urban green space. They cover more than 90 percent of the State and supply life-sustaining resources including clean water, air, food, and fiber. With their potential to sequester carbon, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase the capacity for California to withstand inevitable climate impacts, these lands are a critical component of California’s integrated climate change strategy. However, some sources show that California’s natural and working lands are a net greenhouse gas source, losing more carbon than they are sequestering, with wildfire being the largest cause of carbon loss. The Natural Resources Agency and its sister agencies and departments are developing policy and implementing programs to mitigate disturbances on natural and working lands and protect these lands from conversion to more intensive land uses.

State-led restoration, conservation, and management efforts aim to achieve the State’s vision for the Natural and Working Lands sector to:

  1. Protect land from conversion to more emissions-intensive uses through conservation and planning;
  2. Enhance the resilience of and potential for carbon sequestration through management and restoration and reduce GHG and black carbon emissions from wildfire and management activities; and
  3. Innovate biomass utilization from forestry and agricultural activities so that harvested wood and excess agricultural and forest biomass can be used to advance statewide objectives for renewable energy and fuels, wood product manufacturing, agricultural markets, soil health, and rural economic development.

California 2030 Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan

*NEW* The January 2019 Draft 2030 Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan is now available on the California Air Resources Board webpage.

The objectives of this Plan are to:

  • Expand the use of natural and working lands for climate mitigation and adaptation by integrating climate goals into State-funded natural and working land conservation, restoration, and management programs;
  • Significantly increase and improve conservation, restoration, and management of California's natural and working lands through State programs and other means, to enhance their resilience to worsening climate change impacts, sequester carbon, and reduce GHGs;
  • Identify next steps for taking a more comprehensive approach to addressing the policy challenges facing our natural and working lands, including their contributions to achieving carbon-neutrality and meeting our long-term climate objectives.

The 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan Update directed the State to develop this Plan to reduce GHG emissions and to cultivate net carbon sequestration potential for California's natural and working lands. The Plan will also support Executive Order B-55-18, which establishes a goal for the State to achieve carbon neutrality by 2045 and maintain net-negative greenhouse gas emissions thereafter.

California Natural and Working Lands Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Model (CALAND)

Draft Technical Document for CALAND Version 3 (Updated in June 2019)

CALAND Model Version 3 on CNRA’s Open Data Platform

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is working with CNRA and other agencies to develop CALAND, a model that projects the carbon benefits of different scenarios for state-funded conservation, restoration, and management activities. Since the end of 2017, CNRA has convened a Technical Advisory Committee, including state agency and public members, to provide input to Berkeley Labs on data and methods to consider for use in CALAND. Version 3 of the model was finalized in Fall 2018 in support of the Draft California 2030 Natural and Working Lands Implementation Plan. The Draft Technical Document for CALAND Version 3 is available here. The Technical Documentation for CALAND Version 2, which was developed from December 2016-October 2017, is available here.

Related Investments, Plans, and Research

California has made significant investments in programs that fund climate benefits on natural and working lands through Natural Resources Agency programs and other initiatives. In addition to protecting landscapes, removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, and sequestering carbon, these programs restore lands that have been degraded by fragmentation, over-grazing, topsoil loss, severe forest fires, and other disturbances; create new green space and parks in cities; keep farmland in production; and help ecosystems adapt to a changing climate. Investments include more than $600 million of Cap-and-Trade dollars that have been leveraged for natural and working lands strategies to date.

Related investments, plans, and research related to climate change and California’s natural and working lands include:

Forest health and management-

Ecosystem restoration and conservation planning-

Agricultural land and rangeland conservation-

Urban forestry and urban greening-


Upcoming Events

October 28-29, 2019: Register now for the CALAND Model User Training Workshop

TIME: 8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. Monday & Tuesday, October 28-29

LOCATION: 1st Floor Training Rooms, Sacramento State Downtown, 304 S Street, Sacramento, CA 95811

Instructors: Maegen Simmonds, Alan Di Vittorio (Lawrence Berkeley Lab)
The California Natural Resources Agency invites you to attend a two-day interactive, hands-on training on how to use the CALAND model V3.0.0.

Workshop Objectives

  1. Learn how to operate CALAND v3.0.0 to create input files, simulate scenarios, calculate effects of alternative management relative to a baseline, and visualize the results.
  2. Apply your new understanding of using CALAND to customize your own County-level scenario and exploring its effects on landscape carbon and greenhouse gas emissions.

What to Bring (System Requirements)

In order to fully participate, attendees should bring a laptop with a Mac 10.12+ (64-bit), Windows 7+ (64-bit), or Linux operating system (not a tablet, Chromebook, etc.) for which you have administrative privileges. A spreadsheet software is required, preferably Excel. Several specific software programs and packages must be installed prior to the workshop (CALAND, R, RStudio, Java, and three R packages).

Set-up instructions will be sent to everyone that registers, and no prior programming experience is necessary, as you will learn the basic steps to operate the CALAND model.


To register please go to
You will be asked to complete a short questionnaire on your computer’s operating system, spreadsheet software, and your programming experience.

We hope you will join us for this training!

For more info on CALAND and climate change mitigation on natural and working lands, go here.

Past Events

June 26, 2019: Public Workshop on the California Natural and Working Lands Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Model (CALAND)

This public workshop will describe updates included in Version 3 of the CALAND model, which was one of two models used to calculate cumulative changes in emissions from various land management and conservation practices in the January 2019 Draft California 2030 Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan. Since August 2016, Alan Di Vittorio and Maegen Simmonds of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have worked with CNRA and its sister agencies to develop CALAND, a model that projects the carbon benefits of different scenarios for state-funded conservation, restoration, and management activities. The Draft Technical Document for CALAND Version 3 is available here.

November 2, 2018: Public Workshop on the California 2030 Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan

The workshop notice is available here.

June-August 2018: Regional Meetings on California’s Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan

The California Natural Resources Agency, California Air Resources Board, California Department of Food and Agriculture, and California Environmental Protection Agency invite you to participate in regional public meetings on the development of California’s Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan.

Sierra Nevada & Foothills
Auburn – June 8
View presentation
South Coast & Mountains
LA – June 21
View presentation
San Joaquin Valley
Fresno – June 28
View presentation
SF Bay Area
Oakland – June 18
View presentation
Klamath Cascade
Redding – June 22
View presentation
Central Coast
Salinas – July 2
View presentation
North Coast
Santa Rosa – June 20
View presentation
Sacramento Valley& Delta
Davis – June 26
View presentation
San Diego
Carlsbad – August 2
View presentation

May 18, 2018: Public Workshop for the California Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan

The California Natural Resources Agency, California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Environmental Protection Agency, California Air Resources Board, and Strategic Growth Council are jointly hosting a public workshop to discuss and solicit input on the development of the Natural and Working Lands Implementation Plan (Implementation Plan) and associated 2030 intervention-based goal for carbon sequestration.

Workshop materials:

January 17, 2018: California Natural and Working Lands Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Model (CALAND) Development Webinars on Agricultural and Cultivated Lands and Forests

Webinar materials:

October 13, 2017: Public Workshop on the Proposed Natural and Working Lands Climate Change Implementation Plan and CALAND Model Development

Workshop Materials:

December 14, 2016: Public Workshop on Carbon Sequestration Modeling Methods and Initial Results for the Natural & Working Lands Sector in the 2030 Target Scoping Plan

November 7, 2016: Public Workshop on the 2030 Target Scoping Plan Update: GHG Policy Scenarios, Natural & Working Lands, and Public Health Analysis

March 23, 2016: Public Workshop on the Natural and Working Lands Sector to Inform Development of the 2030 Target Scoping Plan Update

Listserv and Staff Contacts

Click here to Sign-up for the CNRA Climate ListServ.

Please contact Emma Johnston, Climate Change Policy Analyst at with questions, comments, feedback, or concerns.

Oct. 23, 2017

Natural Resources Agency Working Group Issues Recommendations to Expand Wood Products Markets and Promote Forest Health

With an unprecedented tree die-off posing critical challenges in Sierra forests, a working group convened by the California Natural Resources Agency today issued recommendations aimed at utilizing dead and dying trees, promoting long-term forest health and carbon sequestration, and promoting rural economic development. The recommendations, submitted to the Legislature today as directed by 2016 legislation, are contained in a report that outlines actions, policies and pilot programs to increase demand for California forest products and expand knowledge and skills needed to develop and manufacture them. “There is a critical need to bolster our biomass processing capacity and expand uses for wood products not only to handle dead trees in the short term but also to assist with ongoing forest management and restoration,” Natural Resources Secretary John Laird said. “This can and should be done in a manner that advances California’s climate change goals and creates opportunities for rural communities.” The report notes that increased forest management and associated wood and biomass processing infrastructure is needed in every forest-dependent region of the state. Expanding markets for higher-value wood products and promoting localized manufacturing would help serve parts of the Sierra hardest hit by tree mortality and other forested regions where limited wood processing infrastructure exists. The report includes the following recommendations, organized around three key strategies:
  • Remove state barriers and create pathways to success, with a focus on the challenges inherent in redeveloping sites, permitting both new manufacturing operations and the use of new wood materials, and gap financing to incentivize broader investment.
  • Promote innovation, with a focus on building the institutional infrastructure necessary to bring new wood products to market.
  • Invest in human capital, with a focus on assuring that the necessary workforce is available and trained appropriately to staff new wood products operations, and that the building blocks of innovation in this sector exist in the California’s public technical and higher education systems.
In addition, the report recommends four pilot projects aligned with the above strategies. The projects include facilitating mill site redevelopment and promoting wood products manufacturing; holding a mass timber building competition; initiating a California Conservation Corps wood products workforce training program; and convening a wood products summit for state and federal entities, industry partners, entrepreneurs, community organizations, and private investors. Background SB 859 (Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review) of 2016 directed the Natural Resources Agency to establish a working group on expanding wood product markets to utilize woody biomass, especially biomass removed from high hazard zones identified through the state’s Tree Mortality Task Force. It also directed the agency to submit recommendations to the Legislature on actions to encourage the development of wood product markets, including identification of potential pilot projects. The SB 859 Working Group included representatives of the Natural Resources Agency, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, California Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development, California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery, Sierra Nevada Conservancy, California Department of Finance, the U.S. Forest Service and others. The working group is one part of the state’s overall effort to address tree mortality. Gov. Edmund G. Brown Jr. declared a state of emergency in 2015 to respond to the die-off crisis and issued an executive order last month to bolster the state’s efforts and mobilize additional resources to mitigate its impacts.