The Secretary of the Army has delegated to the
Chief of Engineers the authority to issue or deny Section 10 permits. The
following additional special policies and procedures shall also be applicable
to the evaluation of permit applications under this regulation.
- General. DA permits are required for structures or work in or
affecting navigable waters of the United States. However, certain structures
or work specified in 33 CFR Part 330 are permitted by that regulation. If a
structure or work is not permitted by that regulation, an individual or
regional Section 10 permit will be required.
- Artificial Reefs.
When considering an application for an artificial reef, as defined
in 33 CFR 322.2(g), the district engineer will review the applicant's
provisions for siting, constructing, monitoring, operating, maintaining, and
managing the proposed artificial reef and shall determine if those provisions
are consistent with the following standards:
the enhancement of fishery resources to the maximum extent
the facilitation of access and utilization by United States
recreational and commercial fishermen;
the minimization of conflicts among competing uses of the
navigable waters or waters overlying the outer continental shelf and of the
resources in such waters;
the minimization of environmental risks and risks to personal
health and property;
generally accepted principles of international law; and
the prevention of any unreasonable obstructions to navigation. If
the district engineer decides that the applicant's provisions are not
consistent with these standards, he shall deny the permit. If the district
engineer decides that the provisions are consistent with these standards, and
if he decides to issue the permit after the public interest review, he shall
make the provisions part of the permit.
In addition, the district engineer will consider the National
Artificial Reef Plan developed pursuant to Section 204 of the National Fishing
Enhancement Act of 1984, and if he decides to issue the permit, will notify the
Secretary of Commerce of any need to deviate from that plan.
The district engineer will comply with all coordination provisions
required by a written agreement between the DOD and the Federal agencies
relative to artificial reefs. In addition, if the district engineer decides
that further consultation beyond the normal public commenting process is
required to evaluate fully the proposed artificial reef, he may initiate such
consultation with any Federal agency, state or local government, or other
The district engineer will issue a permit for the proposed
artificial reef only if the applicant demonstrates, to the district engineer's
satisfaction, that the title to the artificial reef construction material is
unambiguous, that responsibility for maintenance of the reef is clearly
established, and that he has the financial ability to assume liability for all
damages that may arise with respect to the proposed artificial reef. A
demonstration of financial responsibility might include evidence of insurance,
sponsorship, or available assets.
a person to whom a permit is issued in accordance with these
regulations and any insurer of that person shall not be liable for damages
caused by activities required to be undertaken under any terms and conditions
of the permit, if the permittee is in compliance with such terms and
a person to whom a permit is issued in accordance with these
regulations and any insurer of that person shall be liable, to the extent
determined under applicable law, for damages to which paragraph (i) does not
any person who has transferred title to artificial reef
construction materials to a person to whom a permit is issued in accordance
with these regulations shall not be liable for damages arising from the use of
such materials in an artificial reef, if such materials meet applicable
requirements of the plan published under Section 204 of the National Artificial
Reef Plan, and are not otherwise defective at the time title is transferred.
- Non-Federal dredging for navigation.
The benefits which an authorized Federal navigation project are
intended to produce will often require similar and related operations by
non-Federal agencies (e.g., dredging access channels to docks and berthing
facilities or deepening such channels to correspond to the Federal project
depth). These non-Federal activities will be considered by Corps of Engineers
officials in planning the construction and maintenance of Federal navigation
projects and, to the maximum practical extent, will be coordinated with
interested Federal, state, regional and local agencies and the general public
simultaneously with the associated Federal projects. Non-Federal activities
which are not so coordinated will be individually evaluated in accordance with
these regulations. In evaluating the public interest in connection with
applications for permits for such coordinated operations, equal treatment will
be accorded to the fullest extent possible to both Federal and non-Federal
operations. Permits for non-Federal dredging operations will normally contain
conditions requiring the permittee to comply with the same practices or
requirements utilized in connection with related Federal dredging operations
with respect to such matters as turbidity, water quality, containment of
material, nature and location of approved spoil disposal areas (non-Federal use
of Federal contained disposal areas will be in accordance with laws
authorizing such areas and regulations governing their use), extent and period
of dredging, and other factors relating to protection of environmental and
A permit for the dredging of a channel, slip, or other such project
for navigation may also authorize the periodic maintenance dredging of the
project. Authorization procedures and limitations for maintenance dredging
shall be as prescribed in 33 CFR 325.6(e). The permit will require the
permittee to give advance notice to the district engineer each time maintenance
dredging is to be performed. Where the maintenance dredging involves the
discharge of dredged material into waters of the United States or the
transportation of dredged material for the purpose of dumping it in ocean
waters, the procedures in 33 CFR Parts 323 and 324 respectively shall also be
- Structures for small boats.
In the absence of overriding public interest, favorable
consideration will generally be given to applications from riparian owners for
permits for piers, boat docks, moorings, platforms and similar structures for
small boats. Particular attention will be given to the location and general
design of such structures to prevent possible obstructions to navigation with
respect to both the public's use of the waterway and the neighboring
proprietors' access to the waterway. Obstructions can result from both the
existence of the structure, particularly in conjunction with other similar
facilities in the immediate vicinity, and from its inability to withstand wave
action or other forces which can be expected. District engineers will inform
applicants of the hazards involved and encourage safety in location, design,
and operation. District engineers will encourage cooperative or group use
facilities in lieu of individual proprietary use facilities.
Floating structures for small recreational boats or other
recreational purposes in lakes controlled by the Corps of Engineers under a
resource manager are normally subject to permit authorities cited in section
322.3, of this section, when those waters are regarded as navigable waters of
the United States. However, such structures will not be authorized under this
regulation but will be regulated under applicable regulations of the Chief of
Engineers published in 36 CFR 327.19 if the land surrounding those lakes is
under complete Federal ownership. District engineers will delineate those
portions of the navigable waters of the United States where this provision is
applicable and post notices of this designation in the vicinity of the lake
resource manager's office.
- Aids to navigation. The placing of fixed and floating aids to
navigation in a navigable water of the United States is within the purview of
Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899. Furthermore, these aids are
of particular interest to the U.S. Coast Guard because of its control of
marking, lighting and standardization of such navigation aids. A Section 10
nationwide permit has been issued for such aids provided they are approved by,
and installed in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Coast Guard
(33 CFR 330.5(a)(1)). Electrical service cables to such aids are not included
in the nationwide permit (an individual or regional Section 10 permit will be
- Outer continental shelf. Artificial islands, installations, and
other devices located on the seabed, to the seaward limit of the outer
continental shelf, are subject to the standard permit procedures of this
regulation. Where the islands, installations and other devices are to be
constructed on lands which are under mineral lease from the Mineral Management
Service, Department of the Interior, that agency, in cooperation with other
federal agencies, fully evaluates the potential effect of the leasing program
on the total environment. Accordingly, the decision whether to issue a permit
on lands which are under mineral lease from the Department of the Interior will
be limited to an evaluation of the impact of the proposed work on navigation
and national security. The public notice will so identify the criteria.
- Canals and other artificial waterways connected to navigable waters
of the United States. A canal or similar artificial waterway is subject to
the regulatory authorities discussed in 322.3, of this Part, if it constitutes
a navigable water of the United States, or if it is connected to navigable
waters of the United States in a manner which affects their course, location,
condition, or capacity, or if at some point in its construction or operation it
results in an effect on the course, location, condition, or capacity of
navigable waters of the United States. In all cases the connection to
navigable waters of the United States requires a permit. Where the canal
itself constitutes a navigable water of the United States, evaluation of the
permit application and further exercise of regulatory authority will be in
accordance with the standard procedures of these regulations. For all other
canals, the exercise of regulatory authority is restricted to those activities
which affect the course, location, condition, or capacity of the navigable
waters of the United States. The district engineer will consider, for
applications for canal work, a proposed plan of the entire development and the
location and description of anticipated docks, piers and other similar
structures which will be placed in the canal.
- Facilities at the borders of the United States.
The construction, operation, maintenance, or connection of
facilities at the borders of the United States are subject to Executive control
and must be authorized by the President, Secretary of State, or other
Applications for permits for the construction, operation,
maintenance, or connection at the borders of the United States of facilities
for the transmission of electric energy between the United States and a foreign
country, or for the exportation or importation of natural gas to or from a
foreign country, must be made to the Secretary of Energy. (Executive Order
10485, September 3, 1953, 16 U.S.C. 824(a)(e), 15 U.S.C. 717(b), as amended
by Executive Order 12038, February 3, 1978, and 18 CFR Parts 32 and 153).
Applications for the landing or operation of submarine cables must
be made to the Federal Communications Commission. (Executive Order 10530, May
10, 1954, 47 U.S.C. 34 to 39, and 47 CFR 1.766).
The Secretary of State is to receive applications for permits for
the construction, connection, operation, or maintenance, at the borders of the
United States, of pipelines, conveyor belts, and similar facilities for the
exportation or importation of petroleum products, coals, minerals, or other
products to or from a foreign country; facilities for the exportation or
importation of water or sewage to or from a foreign country; and monorails,
aerial cable cars, aerial tramways, and similar facilities for the
transportation of persons and/or things, to or from a foreign country.
(Executive Order 11423, August 16, 1968).
A DA permit under Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899
is also required for all of the above facilities which affect the navigable
waters of the United States, but in each case in which a permit has been issued
as provided above, the district engineer, in evaluating the general public
interest, may consider the basic existence and operation of the facility to
have been primarily examined and permitted as provided by the Executive Orders.
Furthermore, in those cases where the construction, maintenance, or operation
at the above facilities involves the discharge of dredged or fill material in
waters of the United States or the transportation of dredged material for the
purpose of dumping it into ocean waters, appropriate DA authorizations under
Section 404 of the Clean Water Act or under Section 103 of the Marine
Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, as amended, are also
required. (See 33 CFR Parts 323 and 324.)
- Power transmission lines.
Permits under Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 are
required for power transmission lines crossing navigable waters of the United
States unless those lines are part of a water power project subject to the
regulatory authorities of the Department of Energy under the Federal Power Act
of 1920. If an application is received for a permit for lines which are part
of such a water power project, the applicant will be instructed to submit the
application to the Department of Energy. If the lines are not part of such a
water power project, the application will be processed in accordance with the
procedures of these regulations.
The following minimum clearances are required for aerial electric
power transmission lines crossing navigable waters of the United States. These
clearances are related to the clearances over the navigable channel provided
by existing fixed bridges, or the clearances which would be required by the
U.S. Coast Guard for new fixed bridges, in the vicinity of the proposed power
line crossing. The clearances are based on the low point of the line under
conditions which produce the greatest sag, taking into consideration
temperature, load, wind, length or span, and type of supports as outlined in
the National Electrical Safety Code.
Minimum Additional Clearance (ft.)
Nominal System Voltage, kV Above Clearance Required for Bridges
115 and below 20
Clearances for communication lines, stream gaging cables, ferry
cables, and other aerial crossings are usually required to be a minimum of ten
feet above clearances required for bridges. Greater clearances will be
required if the public interest so indicates.
Corps of Engineer regulation ER 1110-2-4401 prescribes minimum
vertical clearances for power and communication lines over Corps lake projects.
In instances where both this regulation and ER 1110-2-4401 apply, the greater
minimum clearance is required.
- Seaplane operations.
Structures in navigable waters of the United States associated with
seaplane operations require DA permits, but close coordination with the Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation, is required on
The FAA must be notified by an applicant whenever he proposes to
establish or operate a seaplane base. The FAA will study the proposal and
advise the applicant, district engineer, and other interested parties as to the
effects of the proposal on the use of airspace. The district engineer will,
therefore, refer any objections regarding the effect of the proposal on the use
of airspace to the FAA, and give due consideration to its recommendations when
evaluating the general public interest.
If the seaplane base would serve air carriers licensed by the
Department of Transportation, the applicant must receive an airport operating
certificate from the FAA. That certificate reflects a determination and
conditions relating to the installation, operation, and maintenance of adequate
air navigation facilities and safety equipment. Accordingly, the district
engineer may, in evaluating the general public interest, consider such matters
to have been primarily evaluated by the FAA.
For regulations pertaining to seaplane landings at Corps of
Engineers projects, see 36 CFR 327.4.
- Foreign trade zones. The Foreign Trade Zones Act (48 Stat.
998-1003, 19 U.S.C. 81a to 81u, as amended) authorizes the establishment of
foreign-trade zones in or adjacent to United States ports of entry under terms
of a grant and regulations prescribed by the Foreign-Trade Zones Board.
Pertinent regulations are published at Title 15 of the Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 400. The Secretary of the Army is a member of the Board, and
construction of a zone is under the supervision of the district engineer.
Laws governing the navigable waters of the United States remain applicable to
foreign-trade zones, including the general requirements of these regulations.
Evaluation by a district engineer of a permit application may give recognition
to the consideration by the Board of the general economic effects of the zone
on local and foreign commerce, general location of wharves and facilities, and
other factors pertinent to construction, operation, and maintenance of the
- Shipping safety fairways and anchorage areas. DA permits are
required for structures located within shipping safety fairways and anchorage
areas established by the U.S. Coast Guard.
The Department of the Army will grant no permits for the erection of
structures in areas designated as fairways, except that district engineers may
permit temporary anchors and attendant cables or chains for floating or
semisubmersible drilling rigs to be placed within a fairway provided the
following conditions are met:
The installation of anchors to stabilize semisubmersible drilling
rigs within fairways must be temporary and shall be allowed to remain only 120
days. This period may be extended by the district engineer provided reasonable
cause for such extension can be shown and the extension is otherwise
Drilling rigs must be at least 500 feet from any fairway boundary
or whatever distance necessary to insure that minimum clearance over an anchor
line within a fairway will be 125 feet.
No anchor buoys or floats or related rigging will be allowed on
the surface of the water or to a depth of 125 feet from the surface, within the
Drilling rigs may not be placed closer than 2 nautical miles of any
other drilling rig situated along a fairway boundary, and not closer than 3
nautical miles to any drilling rig located on the opposite side of the fairway.
The permittee must notify the district engineer, Bureau of Land
Management, Mineral Management Service, U.S. Coast Guard, National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office of the
approximate dates (commencement and completion) the anchors will be in place to
insure maximum notification to mariners.) Navigation aids or danger markings must be installed as required by the U.S. Coast Guard.
District engineers may grant permits for the erection of structures
within an area designated as an anchorage area, but the number of structures
will be limited by spacing, as follows: The center of a structure to be
erected shall be not less than two (2) nautical miles from the center of any existing structure. In a drilling or production complex, associated structures shall be as close together as practicable having due consideration for the safety factors involved. A complex of associated structures, when connected by walkways, shall be considered one structure for the purpose of spacing. A vessel fixed in place by moorings and used in conjunction with the associated structures of a drilling or production complex, shall be considered an attendant vessel and its extent shall include its moorings. When a drilling or production complex includes an attendant vessel and the complex extends more than five hundred (500) yards from the center or the complex, a structure to be erected shall be not closer than two (2) nautical miles from the near outer limit of the complex. An underwater completion installation in and anchorage area shall be considered a structure and shall be marked with a lighted buoy as approved by the United States Coast Guard.