U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Mission Statement

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is to conserve, protect, and enhance fish and wildlife, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. USFWS activities include, but are not limited to: enforcing the federal Endangered Species Act; acquiring wetlands, fishery habitats, and other lands for restoration and preservation; insuring compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act; managing National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and reviewing and commenting on all water resource projects.

Major Roles and Responsibilities in Wetlands Management

The Fish and Wildlife Service through it various divisions is involved in wetlands permitting, protection, planning, restoration, enhancement, and acquisition. Although most divisions have specific areas of responsibility there is some overlap.

The Ecological Services Division, along with the Law Enforcement Division and individual National Wildlife Refuges, are responsible for wetlands protection. For example, under §7 of the Federal Endangered Species Act, the U.S. Army Corps (Army Corps) of Engineers is required to consult with USFWS prior to issuing a permit allowing certain activities to take place in a wetland. (§7 applies to property containing federally listed threatened or endangered species.) USFWS will then issue a biological opinion stating whether the Army Corps permit is likely to jeopardize the continued of existence of a listed species.

Planning efforts in California may involve the Ecological Services Division and/or the Central Valley Habitat Joint Venture (CVHJV), and the Realty Division.

The CVHJV was established by a working agreement in July of 1988, "to protect, maintain and restore habitat to increase waterfowl populations to desired levels in the Central Valley of California consistent with other objectives of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan." The CVHJV is coordinated by USFWS and is comprised of representatives from the California Waterfowl Association, Defenders of Wildlife, Ducks Unlimited, National Audubon Society, The Nature Conservancy, The Trust for Public Lands, and the Waterfowl Habitat Owners Alliance.

Wetlands restoration and enhancement may require the involvement of a number of USFWS divisions including, the California Private Lands Office, the Central Valley Habitat Joint Venture, the National Wildlife Refuges, the Riparian Habitat Joint Venture, and Ecological Services Division.

The two primary USFWS divisions facilitating wetlands acquisition are the Central Valley Habitat Joint Venture and the Realty Division. Lastly, USFWS oversees thousands of acres of wetlands nationally as managers of National Wildlife Refuges.

Legal Mandate

The Fish and Wildlife Service's jurisdiction is nationwide and operates under a host of federal legal mandates that explicitly and implicitly refer to wetlands. Among these mandates are the Coastal Wetlands, Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act; the Coastal Zone Management Act; the Emergency Wetlands Resources Act; Endangered Species Act; Federal Water Pollution Control Act ("Clean Water Act"); Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act; Land and Water Conservation Fund (Public Law 88-578); Lea Act; Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act; Migratory Bird Treaty Act; National Environmental Policy Act; National Wildlife Refuge Act; National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act; North American Wetlands Conservation Act; Rivers and Harbors Act; and the Wetlands Loan Act.

Through various pieces of Federal legislation a number of National Wildlife Refuges have been established in California, among these are Humboldt Bay, San Francisco Bay, Seal Beach, and Tule Lake-Klamath Wildlife Refuges to name a few.

For more information on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service contact:

Sacramento Office
Wayne S. White, State Supervisor
Joel A. Medline, Field Supervisor
(916)414-6600 Fax (916)414-6710
2800 Cottage Way, E-2605
Sacramento, CA 95825

Ventura Office
Diane Noda, Field Supervisor
2493 Portola Road, Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003

Carlsbad Office
Jim Bartel, Field Supervisor
2730 Loker Avenue West
Carlsbad, CA 92008

Los Angeles Office
(310)328-6307 Fax (310)328-6399
370 Amapola Avenue #114
Torrance, CA 90501

San Diego Office
(619)557-5794 Fax (619) 557-2997
185 West F Street, Room 440
San Diego, CA 92101

San Francisco Office
(650) 876-9078 Fax (650)876-9701
1633 Old Bayshore Highway, Suite 248
Burlingame, CA 94010

Philip W. Norton, Refuge Manager
(530)667-2231 Fax (530)667-3299
Klamath Basin Refuges
4009 Hill Road
Tule Lake, CA 96134

Steve Clay, Refuge Manager
(916)233-3572 Fax (510) 233-4143
Modoc National Wildlife Refuge
P.O. Box 1610
Alturas, CA 96101

Kevin Foerster, Refuge Manager
(916)934-2801 Fax (530)934-7814
Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge
752 County Road 99 West
Willows, CA 95988

Refuge Manager
Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge
P.O. Box 120
Calipatria, CA 92233

Clyde Morris, Refuge Manager
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay Wildlife Refuge
P.O. Box 524
Newark, CA 94560

Refuge Manager
Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge
1020 Ranch Road
Loleta, CA 95551

Kim Forrest Refuge Manager
(209)826-3508 Fax (209)826-1445
San Luis National Wildlife Refuge
P.O. Box 2176
Los Banos, CA 93635

Barbara Simon, Manager
San Diego National Wildlife Complex
1000 Gunpowder Point Drive
Chula Vista, CA 91910

Thomas E. Harvey, Refuge Manager
Stones Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Debra L Schlafmann, Private Lands Coordinator
2800 Cottage Way, Sutie 2610
Sacramento, CA 95825

Dan Strait, Wildlife Biologist
2800 Cottage Way, Sutie 2610
Sacramento, CA 95825

Tom Moore, Wildlife Biologist
2800 Cottage Way, Sutie 2610
Sacramento, CA 95825

Bob Schaffer, Joint Venture Coordinator
Central Valley Habitat Joint Venture
2800 Cottage Way, Suite W-2610
Sacramento, CA 95825

Ruth Ostroff, Assistant Coordinator

Richard Hadley, Team Leader

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